What Darwin Got Wrong
Jerry Fodor Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini
hardback, 264 pages, 2010
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Welcome to the Post-Darwinian Century. This honest critique of Darwin's theory comes not from the intelligent design community, but from the center of the scientific and academic community. These two secular atheists now find themselves on the same side of the fence as many theists: Darwin's simplistic theory does not explain the increasing complex biological world we are discovering. They may not agree with theists on the mechanisms that explain life, but they agree its time to jettison our old reductionist theories.
Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini, a distinguished philosopher and a scientist working in tandem, reveal major flaws at the heart of Darwinian evolutionary theory. Combining the results of cutting-edge work in experimental biology with crystal-clear philosophical arguments, they mount a reasoned and convincing assault on the central tenets of Darwin's account of the origin of species. The logic underlying natural selection is the survival of the fittest under changing environmental pressure. This logic, they argue, is mistaken, and they back up the claim with surprising evidence of what actually happens in nature. This is a rare achievement--a concise argument that is likely to make a great deal of difference to a very large subject. What Darwin Got Wrong will be controversial. The authors' arguments will reverberate through the scientific world. At the very least they will transform the debate about evolution and move us beyond the false dilemma of being either for natural selection or against science.
Table of Contents
- What kind of theory is the theory of natural selection?
Part One: THE BIOLOGICAL ARGUMENT
- Internal constraints: what the new biology tells us
- Whole genomes, networks, modules and the other complexities
- Many constraints, many environments
- The return of the laws of form
Part Two: THE CONCEPTUAL SITUATION
- Many are called but few are chosen: the problem of 'selection-for'
- No exit? Some responses to the problem of 'selection-for'
- Did the dodo lose its ecological niche? Or was it the other way around?
- Summary and postlude
Jerry Fodor is a professor of philosophy and cognitive science at Rutgers University.
Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini started his academic career as a biophysicist and molecular biologist and is now a professor of cognitive science at the University of Arizona.
"Philosopher Fodor and cognitive scientist Piattelli-Palmarini challenge Darwinism more effectively than the entire creationist/intelligent-design movement has . . . Many may find this the hardest, absolutely essential reading they've ever done." --Ray Olson, Booklist
"A challenging, intriguing argument that poses important scientific and philosophical questions about evolution . . . Fodor and Piattelli-Palmarini take a brave stance that will likely draw reaction . . . from across the scientific and theological spectrum. A dense, scholarly, engaging testament to modern scientific thinking and its ability to adapt and evolve." --Kirkus Reviews
"From the shocking title onward, Fodor and Piattelli-Palmarini have set the cat among Darwin's pigeons. In arguing why the operation of natural selection says nothing about the causal mechanisms underlying the evolution of coextensive traits in an organism, they take us to the conceptual fault line at the heart of Darwin's theory. My prediction is that Fodor and Piattelli-Palmarini's book will raise hackles galore wherever the theory of natural selection is all too glibly misused, not only in studies of the ontogeny and phylogeny of biology, but also in those great overlapping disciplines of philosophy, psychology, linguistics, and behavior--in short, human nature. This book will set the agenda for years to come. It cannot be ignored if the study of evolution is to be honest with itself." --Gabriel Dover, Professor of Evolutionary Genetics, Universities of Leicester and Cambridge, and author of Dear Mr. Darwin: Letters on the Evolution of Life and Human Nature
"Evolution needs a persuasive theory if the struggle for public acceptance is to be won. Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini's bold treatise, What Darwin Got Wrong, convincingly shows that natural selection is not that theory. Drawing on scientific literature spanning the molecular, behavioral, and cognitive scales, with sophisticated excursions into evolutionary-developmental biology and the physics of complex systems, the authors perform a philosophical dismantling of the standard model of evolutionary change that is likely irreversible. Their unambiguous grounding in the factuality of evolution renders this work a service to science and a setback for its opponents." --Stuart Newman, Professor of Cell Biology and Anatomy, New York Medical College
"In this provocative, enlightening, and very entertaining book, Fodor and Piattelli-Palmarini argue that natural selection (NS) cannot explain how evolution occurs. The argument is largely conceptual and proceeds in two steps: (1) that theories of NS are conceptually parallel to Skinnerian theories of learning and so share most of the same debilitating problems, and (2) that NS is actually in worse conceptual shape when its central explanatory notion, 'selecting for,' is properly unpacked. This argument will annoy a lot of important people, both for its conclusion and for the evident delight the authors display in getting to it. The ensuing fireworks should be delightful, and (possibly) enlightening." --Norbert Hornstein, Professor of Linguistics, University of Maryland
"This highly informative and carefully argued study develops two central theses. First, there are alternatives to classical neo-Darwinian adaptationist theories that are plausible, and very possibly capture principles that are the rule rather than the exception even if the basic adaptationist account is accepted. Second, that account cannot be accepted. The two theses are sufficiently independent so that they can be evaluated separately. Whatever the outcome of intellectual engagement with this stimulating work, it is sure to be a most rewarding experience." -- Norm Chomsky